Online Techno Terms A-E

Information and activities are from the NIE tab "Stop, Think, Click, 7 Practices for Safer Computing" from the NIE Institute. 


You don’t have to be a computer expert to go online, but it certainly helps to know the language. The Federal Trade Commission has prepared a glossary to help you better understand techno terms.  Today the "A through E" words and meanings from the glossary are featured.

ADWARE: A type of software that often comes with free downloads. Some adware displays ads on your computer, while some monitors your computer use (including websites visited) and displays targeted ads based on your use.

ANTI-VIRUS SOFTWARE: Protects your computer from viruses that can destroy your data, slow your computer’s performance, cause a crash, or even allow spammers to send email through your account.

BANDWIDTH: A measure of the “speed” of an Internet connection.

BIZ OPPS: Shorthand for “business opportunity;” some schemes involve extravagant and unfounded earnings claims and are actually fraudulent business ventures.

BLOCKING SOFTWARE: Computer programs that filter content from the Internet and block access to some websites or content based on specified criteria.

BLOG: Short for Web log. A blog is a website to which one or more people post their personal observations on particular subjects.

BOOKMARK: A Web browser feature that allows you to save the addresses of interesting or frequently used websites, so that you can readily revisit them.

BROWSER: A program that allows a user to find, view, hear, and interact with material on the Internet.

BROWSER HIJACKER: A common spyware program that changes your Web browser’s home page automatically, even if you change it back.

CACHE: A form of computer memory that allows you to access stored information, such as Web addresses you’ve recently typed into your browser, more quickly. Pronounced, “cash.”

CAN-SPAM ACT: A law that prohibits senders of unsolicited commercial email from using false or misleading header information or deceptive subject lines, and requires them to identify each email as an advertisement, among other provisions.

CHAT ROOM: The name given to a place or page in a website or online service where people can type messages that are displayed almost instantly on the screens of others
who are in the “chat room.”

COOKIES: A small text file that a website can place on your computer’s hard drive to collect information about your activities on the site or to allow other capabilities on the site.

CYBERSPACE: Used to distinguish the physical world from the digital, or computer-based, world.

DOMAIN: A segment of Internet space, denoted by the function or type of information it includes; current domains include “.com” for commercial sites, “.gov” for government ones, and “.org” for non-commercial organizations.

DOWNLOAD: To copy files from one computer to another.

DRIVE-BY DOWNLOAD: Software that installs on your computer without your knowledge when you visit certain websites. To avoid drive-by downloads, make sure to update your operating system and Web browser regularly.

DSL(DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE): A means of accessing the Internet at high speed using standard phone lines.

ENCRYPTION: The scrambling of data into a secret code that can be read only by software set to decode the information.

END USER LICENSING AGREEMENT (EULA): A provider’s legal terms. You, as the “end user,” may be required to “click” to accept before you can download software.

EXPOSURE: When sensitive data is released to someone without authorization.

EXTENDED SERVICE SET IDENTIFIER (ESSID): The name a manufacturer assigns to a router. It may be a standard, default name assigned by the manufacturer to all hardware of that model. Users can improve security by changing to a unique name. Similar to a Service Set
Identifier (SSID).